Depression is a serious mental health condition that requires understanding and medical care. Depression can range from a low mood to  a having severe impact on your daily life. It can be overwhelming, making you feel unable to cope, worthless and hopeless about your future.

Most common causes are:

  • trauma

  • genetics

  • life circumstances

  • brain structure

  • medical conditions vulnerable to depression

  • drug and or alcohol abuse

  • personality


  • appetite can change (eat a lot more, or a lot less)

  • difficulty sleeping or getting up

  • getting overwhelmed by guilt which leads to suicidal thoughts or thoughts about death

  • irritable mood

  • loss of interest

  • agitation

  • loss of energy

  • difficulty in concentrating as well as making decisions

  • low self esteem

  • reduced pain tolerance

  • varying emotions throughout the day

  • suicidal thoughts

manic depression, post – natal depression and seasonal affective depression

Manic depression is when someone experiences extreme high and low mood swings as well as changes in thoughts, emotions and physical health. This can also be called Bipolar Disorder

A woman can experience Post – natal depression about a year after giving birth. They will be unusually tearful, anxious or irritable and find it hard to interact with their babies positively.

Seasonal affective disorder is when you are depressed regularly at specific times in the year. In most cases, this type of depression starts in autumn or winter when there is less daylight

How to cope:

  • Social support

  • Activity and exercise

  • Improved diet

  • Complementary therapies

  • Taking control (start by completing small goals)

  • Self – help 

How to cope with severe depression:

  • Anti – depressants

  • Mood stabilisers

  • tranquilizers

  • Cognitive – behaviour therapy

  • Interpersonal therapy

  • Counselling

  • Electroconvulsive therapy

  • Mindfulness meditation